langchain.vectorstores.elastic_vector_search.ElasticVectorSearch

class langchain.vectorstores.elastic_vector_search.ElasticVectorSearch(elasticsearch_url: str, index_name: str, embedding: Embeddings, *, ssl_verify: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None)[source]

ElasticVectorSearch uses the brute force method of searching on vectors.

Recommended to use ElasticsearchStore instead, which gives you the option to uses the approx HNSW algorithm which performs better on large datasets.

ElasticsearchStore also supports metadata filtering, customising the query retriever and much more!

You can read more on ElasticsearchStore: https://python.langchain.com/docs/integrations/vectorstores/elasticsearch

To connect to an Elasticsearch instance that does not require login credentials, pass the Elasticsearch URL and index name along with the embedding object to the constructor.

Example

from langchain.vectorstores import ElasticVectorSearch
from langchain.embeddings import OpenAIEmbeddings

embedding = OpenAIEmbeddings()
elastic_vector_search = ElasticVectorSearch(
    elasticsearch_url="http://localhost:9200",
    index_name="test_index",
    embedding=embedding
)

To connect to an Elasticsearch instance that requires login credentials, including Elastic Cloud, use the Elasticsearch URL format https://username:password@es_host:9243. For example, to connect to Elastic Cloud, create the Elasticsearch URL with the required authentication details and pass it to the ElasticVectorSearch constructor as the named parameter elasticsearch_url.

You can obtain your Elastic Cloud URL and login credentials by logging in to the Elastic Cloud console at https://cloud.elastic.co, selecting your deployment, and navigating to the “Deployments” page.

To obtain your Elastic Cloud password for the default “elastic” user:

  1. Log in to the Elastic Cloud console at https://cloud.elastic.co

  2. Go to “Security” > “Users”

  3. Locate the “elastic” user and click “Edit”

  4. Click “Reset password”

  5. Follow the prompts to reset the password

The format for Elastic Cloud URLs is https://username:password@cluster_id.region_id.gcp.cloud.es.io:9243.

Example

from langchain.vectorstores import ElasticVectorSearch
from langchain.embeddings import OpenAIEmbeddings

embedding = OpenAIEmbeddings()

elastic_host = "cluster_id.region_id.gcp.cloud.es.io"
elasticsearch_url = f"https://username:password@{elastic_host}:9243"
elastic_vector_search = ElasticVectorSearch(
    elasticsearch_url=elasticsearch_url,
    index_name="test_index",
    embedding=embedding
)
Parameters
  • elasticsearch_url (str) – The URL for the Elasticsearch instance.

  • index_name (str) – The name of the Elasticsearch index for the embeddings.

  • embedding (Embeddings) – An object that provides the ability to embed text. It should be an instance of a class that subclasses the Embeddings abstract base class, such as OpenAIEmbeddings()

Raises

ValueError – If the elasticsearch python package is not installed.

Initialize with necessary components.

Attributes

embeddings

Access the query embedding object if available.

Methods

__init__(elasticsearch_url, index_name, ...)

Initialize with necessary components.

aadd_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

aadd_texts(texts[, metadatas])

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_texts(texts[, metadatas, ids, ...])

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

adelete([ids])

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

afrom_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

afrom_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas])

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

amax_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs)

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

asearch(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

asimilarity_search(query[, k])

Return docs most similar to query.

asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

asimilarity_search_with_score(*args, **kwargs)

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

client_search(client, index_name, ...)

create_index(client, index_name, mapping)

delete([ids])

Delete by vector IDs.

from_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

from_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas, ...])

Construct ElasticVectorSearch wrapper from raw documents.

get_user_agent()

max_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

search(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

similarity_search(query[, k, filter])

Return docs most similar to query.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1].

similarity_search_with_score(query[, k, filter])

Return docs most similar to query.

__init__(elasticsearch_url: str, index_name: str, embedding: Embeddings, *, ssl_verify: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None)[source]

Initialize with necessary components.

async aadd_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

async aadd_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

add_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, refresh_indices: bool = True, **kwargs: Any) List[str][source]

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters
  • texts – Iterable of strings to add to the vectorstore.

  • metadatas – Optional list of metadatas associated with the texts.

  • ids – Optional list of unique IDs.

  • refresh_indices – bool to refresh ElasticSearch indices

Returns

List of ids from adding the texts into the vectorstore.

async adelete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) Optional[bool]

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

Parameters
  • ids – List of ids to delete.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments that subclasses might use.

Returns

True if deletion is successful, False otherwise, None if not implemented.

Return type

Optional[bool]

async classmethod afrom_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

async classmethod afrom_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

async amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs: Any) VectorStoreRetriever

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

Parameters
  • search_type (Optional[str]) – Defines the type of search that the Retriever should perform. Can be “similarity” (default), “mmr”, or “similarity_score_threshold”.

  • search_kwargs (Optional[Dict]) –

    Keyword arguments to pass to the search function. Can include things like:

    k: Amount of documents to return (Default: 4) score_threshold: Minimum relevance threshold

    for similarity_score_threshold

    fetch_k: Amount of documents to pass to MMR algorithm (Default: 20) lambda_mult: Diversity of results returned by MMR;

    1 for minimum diversity and 0 for maximum. (Default: 0.5)

    filter: Filter by document metadata

Returns

Retriever class for VectorStore.

Return type

VectorStoreRetriever

Examples:

# Retrieve more documents with higher diversity
# Useful if your dataset has many similar documents
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 6, 'lambda_mult': 0.25}
)

# Fetch more documents for the MMR algorithm to consider
# But only return the top 5
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 5, 'fetch_k': 50}
)

# Only retrieve documents that have a relevance score
# Above a certain threshold
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="similarity_score_threshold",
    search_kwargs={'score_threshold': 0.8}
)

# Only get the single most similar document from the dataset
docsearch.as_retriever(search_kwargs={'k': 1})

# Use a filter to only retrieve documents from a specific paper
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_kwargs={'filter': {'paper_title':'GPT-4 Technical Report'}}
)
async asearch(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

async asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

async asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

0 is dissimilar, 1 is most similar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • **kwargs

    kwargs to be passed to similarity search. Should include: score_threshold: Optional, a floating point value between 0 to 1 to

    filter the resulting set of retrieved docs

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

async asimilarity_search_with_score(*args: Any, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

create_index(client: Any, index_name: str, mapping: Dict) None[source]
delete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) None[source]

Delete by vector IDs.

Parameters

ids – List of ids to delete.

classmethod from_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

classmethod from_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, index_name: Optional[str] = None, refresh_indices: bool = True, **kwargs: Any) ElasticVectorSearch[source]

Construct ElasticVectorSearch wrapper from raw documents.

This is a user-friendly interface that:
  1. Embeds documents.

  2. Creates a new index for the embeddings in the Elasticsearch instance.

  3. Adds the documents to the newly created Elasticsearch index.

This is intended to be a quick way to get started.

Example

from langchain.vectorstores import ElasticVectorSearch
from langchain.embeddings import OpenAIEmbeddings
embeddings = OpenAIEmbeddings()
elastic_vector_search = ElasticVectorSearch.from_texts(
    texts,
    embeddings,
    elasticsearch_url="http://localhost:9200"
)
static get_user_agent() str[source]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

search(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1].

0 is dissimilar, 1 is most similar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • **kwargs

    kwargs to be passed to similarity search. Should include: score_threshold: Optional, a floating point value between 0 to 1 to

    filter the resulting set of retrieved docs

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

similarity_search_with_score(query: str, k: int = 4, filter: Optional[dict] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]][source]

Return docs most similar to query. :param query: Text to look up documents similar to. :param k: Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query.

Examples using ElasticVectorSearch