langchain.vectorstores.docarray.hnsw.DocArrayHnswSearch

class langchain.vectorstores.docarray.hnsw.DocArrayHnswSearch(doc_index: BaseDocIndex, embedding: Embeddings)[source]

HnswLib storage using DocArray package.

To use it, you should have the docarray package with version >=0.32.0 installed. You can install it with pip install “langchain[docarray]”.

Initialize a vector store from DocArray’s DocIndex.

Attributes

doc_cls

embeddings

Access the query embedding object if available.

Methods

__init__(doc_index, embedding)

Initialize a vector store from DocArray's DocIndex.

aadd_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

aadd_texts(texts[, metadatas])

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_texts(texts[, metadatas])

Embed texts and add to the vector store.

adelete([ids])

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

afrom_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

afrom_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas])

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

amax_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs)

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

asearch(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

asimilarity_search(query[, k])

Return docs most similar to query.

asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

asimilarity_search_with_score(*args, **kwargs)

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

delete([ids])

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

from_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

from_params(embedding, work_dir, n_dim[, ...])

Initialize DocArrayHnswSearch store.

from_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas, ...])

Create an DocArrayHnswSearch store and insert data.

max_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

search(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

similarity_search(query[, k])

Return docs most similar to query.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1].

similarity_search_with_score(query[, k])

Return docs most similar to query.

__init__(doc_index: BaseDocIndex, embedding: Embeddings)

Initialize a vector store from DocArray’s DocIndex.

async aadd_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

async aadd_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

add_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Embed texts and add to the vector store.

Parameters
  • texts – Iterable of strings to add to the vectorstore.

  • metadatas – Optional list of metadatas associated with the texts.

Returns

List of ids from adding the texts into the vectorstore.

async adelete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) Optional[bool]

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

Parameters
  • ids – List of ids to delete.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments that subclasses might use.

Returns

True if deletion is successful, False otherwise, None if not implemented.

Return type

Optional[bool]

async classmethod afrom_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

async classmethod afrom_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

async amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs: Any) VectorStoreRetriever

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

Parameters
  • search_type (Optional[str]) – Defines the type of search that the Retriever should perform. Can be “similarity” (default), “mmr”, or “similarity_score_threshold”.

  • search_kwargs (Optional[Dict]) –

    Keyword arguments to pass to the search function. Can include things like:

    k: Amount of documents to return (Default: 4) score_threshold: Minimum relevance threshold

    for similarity_score_threshold

    fetch_k: Amount of documents to pass to MMR algorithm (Default: 20) lambda_mult: Diversity of results returned by MMR;

    1 for minimum diversity and 0 for maximum. (Default: 0.5)

    filter: Filter by document metadata

Returns

Retriever class for VectorStore.

Return type

VectorStoreRetriever

Examples:

# Retrieve more documents with higher diversity
# Useful if your dataset has many similar documents
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 6, 'lambda_mult': 0.25}
)

# Fetch more documents for the MMR algorithm to consider
# But only return the top 5
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 5, 'fetch_k': 50}
)

# Only retrieve documents that have a relevance score
# Above a certain threshold
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="similarity_score_threshold",
    search_kwargs={'score_threshold': 0.8}
)

# Only get the single most similar document from the dataset
docsearch.as_retriever(search_kwargs={'k': 1})

# Use a filter to only retrieve documents from a specific paper
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_kwargs={'filter': {'paper_title':'GPT-4 Technical Report'}}
)
async asearch(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

async asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

async asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

0 is dissimilar, 1 is most similar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • **kwargs

    kwargs to be passed to similarity search. Should include: score_threshold: Optional, a floating point value between 0 to 1 to

    filter the resulting set of retrieved docs

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

async asimilarity_search_with_score(*args: Any, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

delete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) Optional[bool]

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

Parameters
  • ids – List of ids to delete.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments that subclasses might use.

Returns

True if deletion is successful, False otherwise, None if not implemented.

Return type

Optional[bool]

classmethod from_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

classmethod from_params(embedding: Embeddings, work_dir: str, n_dim: int, dist_metric: Literal['cosine', 'ip', 'l2'] = 'cosine', max_elements: int = 1024, index: bool = True, ef_construction: int = 200, ef: int = 10, M: int = 16, allow_replace_deleted: bool = True, num_threads: int = 1, **kwargs: Any) DocArrayHnswSearch[source]

Initialize DocArrayHnswSearch store.

Parameters
  • embedding (Embeddings) – Embedding function.

  • work_dir (str) – path to the location where all the data will be stored.

  • n_dim (int) – dimension of an embedding.

  • dist_metric (str) – Distance metric for DocArrayHnswSearch can be one of: “cosine”, “ip”, and “l2”. Defaults to “cosine”.

  • max_elements (int) – Maximum number of vectors that can be stored. Defaults to 1024.

  • index (bool) – Whether an index should be built for this field. Defaults to True.

  • ef_construction (int) – defines a construction time/accuracy trade-off. Defaults to 200.

  • ef (int) – parameter controlling query time/accuracy trade-off. Defaults to 10.

  • M (int) – parameter that defines the maximum number of outgoing connections in the graph. Defaults to 16.

  • allow_replace_deleted (bool) – Enables replacing of deleted elements with new added ones. Defaults to True.

  • num_threads (int) – Sets the number of cpu threads to use. Defaults to 1.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments to be passed to the get_doc_cls method.

classmethod from_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, work_dir: Optional[str] = None, n_dim: Optional[int] = None, **kwargs: Any) DocArrayHnswSearch[source]

Create an DocArrayHnswSearch store and insert data.

Parameters
  • texts (List[str]) – Text data.

  • embedding (Embeddings) – Embedding function.

  • metadatas (Optional[List[dict]]) – Metadata for each text if it exists. Defaults to None.

  • work_dir (str) – path to the location where all the data will be stored.

  • n_dim (int) – dimension of an embedding.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments to be passed to the __init__ method.

Returns

DocArrayHnswSearch Vector Store

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

search(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1].

0 is dissimilar, 1 is most similar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • **kwargs

    kwargs to be passed to similarity search. Should include: score_threshold: Optional, a floating point value between 0 to 1 to

    filter the resulting set of retrieved docs

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

similarity_search_with_score(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs most similar to query.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

Returns

List of documents most similar to the query text and cosine distance in float for each. Lower score represents more similarity.

Examples using DocArrayHnswSearch