langchain.vectorstores.dashvector.DashVector

class langchain.vectorstores.dashvector.DashVector(collection: Any, embedding: Embeddings, text_field: str)[source]

DashVector vector store.

To use, you should have the dashvector python package installed.

Example

from langchain.vectorstores import DashVector
from langchain.embeddings.openai import OpenAIEmbeddings
import dashvector

client = dashvector.Client(api_key="***")
client.create("langchain", dimension=1024)
collection = client.get("langchain")
embeddings = OpenAIEmbeddings()
vectorstore = DashVector(collection, embeddings.embed_query, "text")

Initialize with DashVector collection.

Attributes

embeddings

Access the query embedding object if available.

Methods

__init__(collection, embedding, text_field)

Initialize with DashVector collection.

aadd_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

aadd_texts(texts[, metadatas])

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents, **kwargs)

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_texts(texts[, metadatas, ids, batch_size])

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

adelete([ids])

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

afrom_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

afrom_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas])

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

amax_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs)

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

asearch(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

asimilarity_search(query[, k])

Return docs most similar to query.

asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

asimilarity_search_with_score(*args, **kwargs)

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

delete([ids])

Delete by vector ID.

from_documents(documents, embedding, **kwargs)

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

from_texts(texts, embedding[, metadatas, ...])

Return DashVector VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

max_marginal_relevance_search(query[, k, ...])

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(...)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

search(query, search_type, **kwargs)

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

similarity_search(query[, k, filter])

Return docs most similar to query.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding[, k, ...])

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query)

Return docs most similar to query text , alone with relevance scores.

similarity_search_with_score(*args, **kwargs)

Run similarity search with distance.

__init__(collection: Any, embedding: Embeddings, text_field: str)[source]

Initialize with DashVector collection.

async aadd_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

async aadd_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

add_documents(documents: List[Document], **kwargs: Any) List[str]

Run more documents through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters

(List[Document] (documents) – Documents to add to the vectorstore.

Returns

List of IDs of the added texts.

Return type

List[str]

add_texts(texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, batch_size: int = 25, **kwargs: Any) List[str][source]

Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore.

Parameters
  • texts – Iterable of strings to add to the vectorstore.

  • metadatas – Optional list of metadatas associated with the texts.

  • ids – Optional list of ids associated with the texts.

  • batch_size – Optional batch size to upsert docs.

  • kwargs – vectorstore specific parameters

Returns

List of ids from adding the texts into the vectorstore.

async adelete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) Optional[bool]

Delete by vector ID or other criteria.

Parameters
  • ids – List of ids to delete.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments that subclasses might use.

Returns

True if deletion is successful, False otherwise, None if not implemented.

Return type

Optional[bool]

async classmethod afrom_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

async classmethod afrom_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

async amax_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

as_retriever(**kwargs: Any) VectorStoreRetriever

Return VectorStoreRetriever initialized from this VectorStore.

Parameters
  • search_type (Optional[str]) – Defines the type of search that the Retriever should perform. Can be “similarity” (default), “mmr”, or “similarity_score_threshold”.

  • search_kwargs (Optional[Dict]) –

    Keyword arguments to pass to the search function. Can include things like:

    k: Amount of documents to return (Default: 4) score_threshold: Minimum relevance threshold

    for similarity_score_threshold

    fetch_k: Amount of documents to pass to MMR algorithm (Default: 20) lambda_mult: Diversity of results returned by MMR;

    1 for minimum diversity and 0 for maximum. (Default: 0.5)

    filter: Filter by document metadata

Returns

Retriever class for VectorStore.

Return type

VectorStoreRetriever

Examples:

# Retrieve more documents with higher diversity
# Useful if your dataset has many similar documents
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 6, 'lambda_mult': 0.25}
)

# Fetch more documents for the MMR algorithm to consider
# But only return the top 5
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="mmr",
    search_kwargs={'k': 5, 'fetch_k': 50}
)

# Only retrieve documents that have a relevance score
# Above a certain threshold
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_type="similarity_score_threshold",
    search_kwargs={'score_threshold': 0.8}
)

# Only get the single most similar document from the dataset
docsearch.as_retriever(search_kwargs={'k': 1})

# Use a filter to only retrieve documents from a specific paper
docsearch.as_retriever(
    search_kwargs={'filter': {'paper_title':'GPT-4 Technical Report'}}
)
async asearch(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

async asimilarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

async asimilarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Return docs and relevance scores in the range [0, 1], asynchronously.

0 is dissimilar, 1 is most similar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • **kwargs

    kwargs to be passed to similarity search. Should include: score_threshold: Optional, a floating point value between 0 to 1 to

    filter the resulting set of retrieved docs

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

async asimilarity_search_with_score(*args: Any, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Run similarity search with distance asynchronously.

delete(ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) bool[source]

Delete by vector ID.

Parameters

ids – List of ids to delete.

Returns

True if deletion is successful, False otherwise.

classmethod from_documents(documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, **kwargs: Any) VST

Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings.

classmethod from_texts(texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, dashvector_api_key: Optional[str] = None, collection_name: str = 'langchain', text_field: str = 'text', batch_size: int = 25, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) DashVector[source]

Return DashVector VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings.

This is the quick way to get started with dashvector vector store.

Example


from langchain.vectorstores import DashVector from langchain.embeddings import OpenAIEmbeddings import dashvector

embeddings = OpenAIEmbeddings() dashvector = DashVector.from_documents(

docs, embeddings, dashvector_api_key=”{DASHVECTOR_API_KEY}”

)

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • query – Text to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

  • filter – Doc fields filter conditions that meet the SQL where clause specification.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

max_marginal_relevance_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, fetch_k: int = 20, lambda_mult: float = 0.5, filter: Optional[dict] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[Document][source]

Return docs selected using the maximal marginal relevance.

Maximal marginal relevance optimizes for similarity to query AND diversity among selected documents.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • fetch_k – Number of Documents to fetch to pass to MMR algorithm.

  • lambda_mult – Number between 0 and 1 that determines the degree of diversity among the results with 0 corresponding to maximum diversity and 1 to minimum diversity. Defaults to 0.5.

  • filter – Doc fields filter conditions that meet the SQL where clause specification.

Returns

List of Documents selected by maximal marginal relevance.

search(query: str, search_type: str, **kwargs: Any) List[Document]

Return docs most similar to query using specified search type.

Return docs most similar to query.

Parameters
  • query – Text to search documents similar to.

  • k – Number of documents to return. Default to 4.

  • filter – Doc fields filter conditions that meet the SQL where clause specification.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query text.

similarity_search_by_vector(embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, filter: Optional[str] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[Document][source]

Return docs most similar to embedding vector.

Parameters
  • embedding – Embedding to look up documents similar to.

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • filter – Doc fields filter conditions that meet the SQL where clause specification.

Returns

List of Documents most similar to the query vector.

similarity_search_with_relevance_scores(query: str, k: int = 4, filter: Optional[str] = None, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]][source]

Return docs most similar to query text , alone with relevance scores.

Less is more similar, more is more dissimilar.

Parameters
  • query – input text

  • k – Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4.

  • filter – Doc fields filter conditions that meet the SQL where clause specification.

Returns

List of Tuples of (doc, similarity_score)

similarity_search_with_score(*args: Any, **kwargs: Any) List[Tuple[Document, float]]

Run similarity search with distance.

Examples using DashVector