langchain.agents.structured_chat.base.create_structured_chat_agent(llm: BaseLanguageModel, tools: Sequence[BaseTool], prompt: ChatPromptTemplate) Runnable[source]

Create an agent aimed at supporting tools with multiple inputs.


A Runnable sequence representing an agent. It takes as input all the same input variables as the prompt passed in does. It returns as output either an AgentAction or AgentFinish.

Return type



from langchain import hub
from langchain_community.chat_models import ChatOpenAI
from langchain.agents import AgentExecutor, create_structured_chat_agent

prompt = hub.pull("hwchase17/structured-chat-agent")
model = ChatOpenAI()
tools = ...

agent = create_structured_chat_agent(model, tools, prompt)
agent_executor = AgentExecutor(agent=agent, tools=tools)

agent_executor.invoke({"input": "hi"})

# Using with chat history
from langchain_core.messages import AIMessage, HumanMessage
        "input": "what's my name?",
        "chat_history": [
            HumanMessage(content="hi! my name is bob"),
            AIMessage(content="Hello Bob! How can I assist you today?"),


The prompt must have input keys:
  • tools: contains descriptions and arguments for each tool.

  • tool_names: contains all tool names.

  • agent_scratchpad: contains previous agent actions and tool outputs as a string.

Here’s an example:

from langchain_core.prompts import ChatPromptTemplate, MessagesPlaceholder

system = '''Respond to the human as helpfully and accurately as possible. You have access to the following tools:


Use a json blob to specify a tool by providing an action key (tool name) and an action_input key (tool input).

Valid "action" values: "Final Answer" or {tool_names}

Provide only ONE action per $JSON_BLOB, as shown:

  "action": $TOOL_NAME,
  "action_input": $INPUT

Follow this format:

Question: input question to answer
Thought: consider previous and subsequent steps
Observation: action result
... (repeat Thought/Action/Observation N times)
Thought: I know what to respond
  "action": "Final Answer",
  "action_input": "Final response to human"

Begin! Reminder to ALWAYS respond with a valid json blob of a single action. Use tools if necessary. Respond directly if appropriate. Format is Action:```$JSON_BLOB```then Observation'''

human = '''{input}


(reminder to respond in a JSON blob no matter what)'''

prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.from_messages(
        ("system", system),
        MessagesPlaceholder("chat_history", optional=True),
        ("human", human),