Source code for langchain_core.output_parsers.xml

import re
import xml
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
from typing import Any, AsyncIterator, Dict, Iterator, List, Literal, Optional, Union
from xml.etree.ElementTree import TreeBuilder

from langchain_core.exceptions import OutputParserException
from langchain_core.messages import BaseMessage
from langchain_core.output_parsers.transform import BaseTransformOutputParser
from langchain_core.runnables.utils import AddableDict

XML_FORMAT_INSTRUCTIONS = """The output should be formatted as a XML file.
1. Output should conform to the tags below. 
2. If tags are not given, make them on your own.
3. Remember to always open and close all the tags.

As an example, for the tags ["foo", "bar", "baz"]:
1. String "<foo>\n   <bar>\n      <baz></baz>\n   </bar>\n</foo>" is a well-formatted instance of the schema. 
2. String "<foo>\n   <bar>\n   </foo>" is a badly-formatted instance.
3. String "<foo>\n   <tag>\n   </tag>\n</foo>" is a badly-formatted instance.

Here are the output tags:
```
{tags}
```"""  # noqa: E501


class _StreamingParser:
    """Streaming parser for XML.

    This implementation is pulled into a class to avoid implementation
    drift between transform and atransform of the XMLOutputParser.
    """

    def __init__(self, parser: Literal["defusedxml", "xml"]) -> None:
        """Initialize the streaming parser.

        Args:
            parser: Parser to use for XML parsing. Can be either 'defusedxml' or 'xml'.
              See documentation in XMLOutputParser for more information.
        """
        if parser == "defusedxml":
            try:
                from defusedxml import ElementTree as DET  # type: ignore
            except ImportError:
                raise ImportError(
                    "defusedxml is not installed. "
                    "Please install it to use the defusedxml parser."
                    "You can install it with `pip install defusedxml` "
                )
            _parser = DET.DefusedXMLParser(target=TreeBuilder())
        else:
            _parser = None
        self.pull_parser = ET.XMLPullParser(["start", "end"], _parser=_parser)
        self.xml_start_re = re.compile(r"<[a-zA-Z:_]")
        self.current_path: List[str] = []
        self.current_path_has_children = False
        self.buffer = ""
        self.xml_started = False

    def parse(self, chunk: Union[str, BaseMessage]) -> Iterator[AddableDict]:
        """Parse a chunk of text.

        Args:
            chunk: A chunk of text to parse. This can be a string or a BaseMessage.

        Yields:
            AddableDict: A dictionary representing the parsed XML element.
        """
        if isinstance(chunk, BaseMessage):
            # extract text
            chunk_content = chunk.content
            if not isinstance(chunk_content, str):
                # ignore non-string messages (e.g., function calls)
                return
            chunk = chunk_content
        # add chunk to buffer of unprocessed text
        self.buffer += chunk
        # if xml string hasn't started yet, continue to next chunk
        if not self.xml_started:
            if match := self.xml_start_re.search(self.buffer):
                # if xml string has started, remove all text before it
                self.buffer = self.buffer[match.start() :]
                self.xml_started = True
            else:
                return
        # feed buffer to parser
        self.pull_parser.feed(self.buffer)
        self.buffer = ""
        # yield all events
        try:
            for event, elem in self.pull_parser.read_events():
                if event == "start":
                    # update current path
                    self.current_path.append(elem.tag)
                    self.current_path_has_children = False
                elif event == "end":
                    # remove last element from current path
                    #
                    self.current_path.pop()
                    # yield element
                    if not self.current_path_has_children:
                        yield nested_element(self.current_path, elem)
                    # prevent yielding of parent element
                    if self.current_path:
                        self.current_path_has_children = True
                    else:
                        self.xml_started = False
        except xml.etree.ElementTree.ParseError:
            # This might be junk at the end of the XML input.
            # Let's check whether the current path is empty.
            if not self.current_path:
                # If it is empty, we can ignore this error.
                return
            else:
                raise

    def close(self) -> None:
        """Close the parser."""
        try:
            self.pull_parser.close()
        except xml.etree.ElementTree.ParseError:
            # Ignore. This will ignore any incomplete XML at the end of the input
            pass


[docs]class XMLOutputParser(BaseTransformOutputParser): """Parse an output using xml format.""" tags: Optional[List[str]] = None encoding_matcher: re.Pattern = re.compile( r"<([^>]*encoding[^>]*)>\n(.*)", re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL ) parser: Literal["defusedxml", "xml"] = "defusedxml" """Parser to use for XML parsing. Can be either 'defusedxml' or 'xml'. * 'defusedxml' is the default parser and is used to prevent XML vulnerabilities present in some distributions of Python's standard library xml. `defusedxml` is a wrapper around the standard library parser that sets up the parser with secure defaults. * 'xml' is the standard library parser. Use `xml` only if you are sure that your distribution of the standard library is not vulnerable to XML vulnerabilities. Please review the following resources for more information: * https://docs.python.org/3/library/xml.html#xml-vulnerabilities * https://github.com/tiran/defusedxml The standard library relies on libexpat for parsing XML: https://github.com/libexpat/libexpat """
[docs] def get_format_instructions(self) -> str: return XML_FORMAT_INSTRUCTIONS.format(tags=self.tags)
[docs] def parse(self, text: str) -> Dict[str, Union[str, List[Any]]]: # Try to find XML string within triple backticks # Imports are temporarily placed here to avoid issue with caching on CI # likely if you're reading this you can move them to the top of the file if self.parser == "defusedxml": try: from defusedxml import ElementTree as DET # type: ignore except ImportError: raise ImportError( "defusedxml is not installed. " "Please install it to use the defusedxml parser." "You can install it with `pip install defusedxml`" "See https://github.com/tiran/defusedxml for more details" ) _ET = DET # Use the defusedxml parser else: _ET = ET # Use the standard library parser match = re.search(r"```(xml)?(.*)```", text, re.DOTALL) if match is not None: # If match found, use the content within the backticks text = match.group(2) encoding_match = self.encoding_matcher.search(text) if encoding_match: text = encoding_match.group(2) text = text.strip() try: root = ET.fromstring(text) return self._root_to_dict(root) except ET.ParseError as e: msg = f"Failed to parse XML format from completion {text}. Got: {e}" raise OutputParserException(msg, llm_output=text) from e
def _transform( self, input: Iterator[Union[str, BaseMessage]] ) -> Iterator[AddableDict]: streaming_parser = _StreamingParser(self.parser) for chunk in input: yield from streaming_parser.parse(chunk) streaming_parser.close() async def _atransform( self, input: AsyncIterator[Union[str, BaseMessage]] ) -> AsyncIterator[AddableDict]: streaming_parser = _StreamingParser(self.parser) async for chunk in input: for output in streaming_parser.parse(chunk): yield output streaming_parser.close() def _root_to_dict(self, root: ET.Element) -> Dict[str, Union[str, List[Any]]]: """Converts xml tree to python dictionary.""" if root.text and bool(re.search(r"\S", root.text)): # If root text contains any non-whitespace character it # returns {root.tag: root.text} return {root.tag: root.text} result: Dict = {root.tag: []} for child in root: if len(child) == 0: result[root.tag].append({child.tag: child.text}) else: result[root.tag].append(self._root_to_dict(child)) return result @property def _type(self) -> str: return "xml"
[docs]def nested_element(path: List[str], elem: ET.Element) -> Any: """Get nested element from path.""" if len(path) == 0: return AddableDict({elem.tag: elem.text}) else: return AddableDict({path[0]: [nested_element(path[1:], elem)]})