Source code for langchain_community.vectorstores.analyticdb

from __future__ import annotations

import logging
import uuid
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Optional, Sequence, Tuple, Type

from sqlalchemy import REAL, Column, String, Table, create_engine, insert, text
from sqlalchemy.dialects.postgresql import ARRAY, JSON, TEXT

try:
    from sqlalchemy.orm import declarative_base
except ImportError:
    from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base

from langchain_core.documents import Document
from langchain_core.embeddings import Embeddings
from langchain_core.utils import get_from_dict_or_env
from langchain_core.vectorstores import VectorStore

_LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_EMBEDDING_DIM = 1536
_LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_COLLECTION_NAME = "langchain_document"

Base = declarative_base()  # type: Any


[docs]class AnalyticDB(VectorStore): """`AnalyticDB` (distributed PostgreSQL) vector store. AnalyticDB is a distributed full postgresql syntax cloud-native database. - `connection_string` is a postgres connection string. - `embedding_function` any embedding function implementing `langchain.embeddings.base.Embeddings` interface. - `collection_name` is the name of the collection to use. (default: langchain) - NOTE: This is not the name of the table, but the name of the collection. The tables will be created when initializing the store (if not exists) So, make sure the user has the right permissions to create tables. - `pre_delete_collection` if True, will delete the collection if it exists. (default: False) - Useful for testing. """
[docs] def __init__( self, connection_string: str, embedding_function: Embeddings, embedding_dimension: int = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_EMBEDDING_DIM, collection_name: str = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_COLLECTION_NAME, pre_delete_collection: bool = False, logger: Optional[logging.Logger] = None, engine_args: Optional[dict] = None, ) -> None: self.connection_string = connection_string self.embedding_function = embedding_function self.embedding_dimension = embedding_dimension self.collection_name = collection_name self.pre_delete_collection = pre_delete_collection self.logger = logger or logging.getLogger(__name__) self.__post_init__(engine_args)
def __post_init__( self, engine_args: Optional[dict] = None, ) -> None: """ Initialize the store. """ _engine_args = engine_args or {} if ( "pool_recycle" not in _engine_args ): # Check if pool_recycle is not in _engine_args _engine_args[ "pool_recycle" ] = 3600 # Set pool_recycle to 3600s if not present self.engine = create_engine(self.connection_string, **_engine_args) self.create_collection() @property def embeddings(self) -> Embeddings: return self.embedding_function def _select_relevance_score_fn(self) -> Callable[[float], float]: return self._euclidean_relevance_score_fn
[docs] def create_table_if_not_exists(self) -> None: # Define the dynamic table Table( self.collection_name, Base.metadata, Column("id", TEXT, primary_key=True, default=uuid.uuid4), Column("embedding", ARRAY(REAL)), Column("document", String, nullable=True), Column("metadata", JSON, nullable=True), extend_existing=True, ) with self.engine.connect() as conn: with conn.begin(): # Create the table Base.metadata.create_all(conn) # Check if the index exists index_name = f"{self.collection_name}_embedding_idx" index_query = text( f""" SELECT 1 FROM pg_indexes WHERE indexname = '{index_name}'; """ ) result = conn.execute(index_query).scalar() # Create the index if it doesn't exist if not result: index_statement = text( f""" CREATE INDEX {index_name} ON {self.collection_name} USING ann(embedding) WITH ( "dim" = {self.embedding_dimension}, "hnsw_m" = 100 ); """ ) conn.execute(index_statement)
[docs] def create_collection(self) -> None: if self.pre_delete_collection: self.delete_collection() self.create_table_if_not_exists()
[docs] def delete_collection(self) -> None: self.logger.debug("Trying to delete collection") drop_statement = text(f"DROP TABLE IF EXISTS {self.collection_name};") with self.engine.connect() as conn: with conn.begin(): conn.execute(drop_statement)
[docs] def add_texts( self, texts: Iterable[str], metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, batch_size: int = 500, **kwargs: Any, ) -> List[str]: """Run more texts through the embeddings and add to the vectorstore. Args: texts: Iterable of strings to add to the vectorstore. metadatas: Optional list of metadatas associated with the texts. kwargs: vectorstore specific parameters Returns: List of ids from adding the texts into the vectorstore. """ if ids is None: ids = [str(uuid.uuid4()) for _ in texts] embeddings = self.embedding_function.embed_documents(list(texts)) if not metadatas: metadatas = [{} for _ in texts] # Define the table schema chunks_table = Table( self.collection_name, Base.metadata, Column("id", TEXT, primary_key=True), Column("embedding", ARRAY(REAL)), Column("document", String, nullable=True), Column("metadata", JSON, nullable=True), extend_existing=True, ) chunks_table_data = [] with self.engine.connect() as conn: with conn.begin(): for document, metadata, chunk_id, embedding in zip( texts, metadatas, ids, embeddings ): chunks_table_data.append( { "id": chunk_id, "embedding": embedding, "document": document, "metadata": metadata, } ) # Execute the batch insert when the batch size is reached if len(chunks_table_data) == batch_size: conn.execute(insert(chunks_table).values(chunks_table_data)) # Clear the chunks_table_data list for the next batch chunks_table_data.clear() # Insert any remaining records that didn't make up a full batch if chunks_table_data: conn.execute(insert(chunks_table).values(chunks_table_data)) return ids
[docs] def similarity_search_with_score( self, query: str, k: int = 4, filter: Optional[dict] = None, ) -> List[Tuple[Document, float]]: """Return docs most similar to query. Args: query: Text to look up documents similar to. k: Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4. filter (Optional[Dict[str, str]]): Filter by metadata. Defaults to None. Returns: List of Documents most similar to the query and score for each """ embedding = self.embedding_function.embed_query(query) docs = self.similarity_search_with_score_by_vector( embedding=embedding, k=k, filter=filter ) return docs
[docs] def similarity_search_with_score_by_vector( self, embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, filter: Optional[dict] = None, ) -> List[Tuple[Document, float]]: # Add the filter if provided try: from sqlalchemy.engine import Row except ImportError: raise ImportError( "Could not import Row from sqlalchemy.engine. " "Please 'pip install sqlalchemy>=1.4'." ) filter_condition = "" if filter is not None: conditions = [ f"metadata->>{key!r} = {value!r}" for key, value in filter.items() ] filter_condition = f"WHERE {' AND '.join(conditions)}" # Define the base query sql_query = f""" SELECT *, l2_distance(embedding, :embedding) as distance FROM {self.collection_name} {filter_condition} ORDER BY embedding <-> :embedding LIMIT :k """ # Set up the query parameters params = {"embedding": embedding, "k": k} # Execute the query and fetch the results with self.engine.connect() as conn: results: Sequence[Row] = conn.execute(text(sql_query), params).fetchall() documents_with_scores = [ ( Document( page_content=result.document, metadata=result.metadata, ), result.distance if self.embedding_function is not None else None, ) for result in results ] return documents_with_scores
[docs] def similarity_search_by_vector( self, embedding: List[float], k: int = 4, filter: Optional[dict] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> List[Document]: """Return docs most similar to embedding vector. Args: embedding: Embedding to look up documents similar to. k: Number of Documents to return. Defaults to 4. filter (Optional[Dict[str, str]]): Filter by metadata. Defaults to None. Returns: List of Documents most similar to the query vector. """ docs_and_scores = self.similarity_search_with_score_by_vector( embedding=embedding, k=k, filter=filter ) return [doc for doc, _ in docs_and_scores]
[docs] def delete(self, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, **kwargs: Any) -> Optional[bool]: """Delete by vector IDs. Args: ids: List of ids to delete. """ if ids is None: raise ValueError("No ids provided to delete.") # Define the table schema chunks_table = Table( self.collection_name, Base.metadata, Column("id", TEXT, primary_key=True), Column("embedding", ARRAY(REAL)), Column("document", String, nullable=True), Column("metadata", JSON, nullable=True), extend_existing=True, ) try: with self.engine.connect() as conn: with conn.begin(): delete_condition = chunks_table.c.id.in_(ids) conn.execute(chunks_table.delete().where(delete_condition)) return True except Exception as e: print("Delete operation failed:", str(e)) # noqa: T201 return False
[docs] @classmethod def from_texts( cls: Type[AnalyticDB], texts: List[str], embedding: Embeddings, metadatas: Optional[List[dict]] = None, embedding_dimension: int = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_EMBEDDING_DIM, collection_name: str = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_COLLECTION_NAME, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, pre_delete_collection: bool = False, engine_args: Optional[dict] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> AnalyticDB: """ Return VectorStore initialized from texts and embeddings. Postgres Connection string is required Either pass it as a parameter or set the PG_CONNECTION_STRING environment variable. """ connection_string = cls.get_connection_string(kwargs) store = cls( connection_string=connection_string, collection_name=collection_name, embedding_function=embedding, embedding_dimension=embedding_dimension, pre_delete_collection=pre_delete_collection, engine_args=engine_args, ) store.add_texts(texts=texts, metadatas=metadatas, ids=ids, **kwargs) return store
[docs] @classmethod def get_connection_string(cls, kwargs: Dict[str, Any]) -> str: connection_string: str = get_from_dict_or_env( data=kwargs, key="connection_string", env_key="PG_CONNECTION_STRING", ) if not connection_string: raise ValueError( "Postgres connection string is required" "Either pass it as a parameter" "or set the PG_CONNECTION_STRING environment variable." ) return connection_string
[docs] @classmethod def from_documents( cls: Type[AnalyticDB], documents: List[Document], embedding: Embeddings, embedding_dimension: int = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_EMBEDDING_DIM, collection_name: str = _LANGCHAIN_DEFAULT_COLLECTION_NAME, ids: Optional[List[str]] = None, pre_delete_collection: bool = False, engine_args: Optional[dict] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> AnalyticDB: """ Return VectorStore initialized from documents and embeddings. Postgres Connection string is required Either pass it as a parameter or set the PG_CONNECTION_STRING environment variable. """ texts = [d.page_content for d in documents] metadatas = [d.metadata for d in documents] connection_string = cls.get_connection_string(kwargs) kwargs["connection_string"] = connection_string return cls.from_texts( texts=texts, pre_delete_collection=pre_delete_collection, embedding=embedding, embedding_dimension=embedding_dimension, metadatas=metadatas, ids=ids, collection_name=collection_name, engine_args=engine_args, **kwargs, )
[docs] @classmethod def connection_string_from_db_params( cls, driver: str, host: str, port: int, database: str, user: str, password: str, ) -> str: """Return connection string from database parameters.""" return f"postgresql+{driver}://{user}:{password}@{host}:{port}/{database}"