Source code for langchain_community.llms.llamacpp

from __future__ import annotations

import logging
from pathlib import Path
from typing import Any, Dict, Iterator, List, Optional, Union

from langchain_core.callbacks import CallbackManagerForLLMRun
from langchain_core.language_models.llms import LLM
from langchain_core.outputs import GenerationChunk
from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import Field, root_validator
from langchain_core.utils import get_pydantic_field_names
from langchain_core.utils.utils import build_extra_kwargs

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class LlamaCpp(LLM): """llama.cpp model. To use, you should have the llama-cpp-python library installed, and provide the path to the Llama model as a named parameter to the constructor. Check out: https://github.com/abetlen/llama-cpp-python Example: .. code-block:: python from langchain_community.llms import LlamaCpp llm = LlamaCpp(model_path="/path/to/llama/model") """ client: Any #: :meta private: model_path: str """The path to the Llama model file.""" lora_base: Optional[str] = None """The path to the Llama LoRA base model.""" lora_path: Optional[str] = None """The path to the Llama LoRA. If None, no LoRa is loaded.""" n_ctx: int = Field(512, alias="n_ctx") """Token context window.""" n_parts: int = Field(-1, alias="n_parts") """Number of parts to split the model into. If -1, the number of parts is automatically determined.""" seed: int = Field(-1, alias="seed") """Seed. If -1, a random seed is used.""" f16_kv: bool = Field(True, alias="f16_kv") """Use half-precision for key/value cache.""" logits_all: bool = Field(False, alias="logits_all") """Return logits for all tokens, not just the last token.""" vocab_only: bool = Field(False, alias="vocab_only") """Only load the vocabulary, no weights.""" use_mlock: bool = Field(False, alias="use_mlock") """Force system to keep model in RAM.""" n_threads: Optional[int] = Field(None, alias="n_threads") """Number of threads to use. If None, the number of threads is automatically determined.""" n_batch: Optional[int] = Field(8, alias="n_batch") """Number of tokens to process in parallel. Should be a number between 1 and n_ctx.""" n_gpu_layers: Optional[int] = Field(None, alias="n_gpu_layers") """Number of layers to be loaded into gpu memory. Default None.""" suffix: Optional[str] = Field(None) """A suffix to append to the generated text. If None, no suffix is appended.""" max_tokens: Optional[int] = 256 """The maximum number of tokens to generate.""" temperature: Optional[float] = 0.8 """The temperature to use for sampling.""" top_p: Optional[float] = 0.95 """The top-p value to use for sampling.""" logprobs: Optional[int] = Field(None) """The number of logprobs to return. If None, no logprobs are returned.""" echo: Optional[bool] = False """Whether to echo the prompt.""" stop: Optional[List[str]] = [] """A list of strings to stop generation when encountered.""" repeat_penalty: Optional[float] = 1.1 """The penalty to apply to repeated tokens.""" top_k: Optional[int] = 40 """The top-k value to use for sampling.""" last_n_tokens_size: Optional[int] = 64 """The number of tokens to look back when applying the repeat_penalty.""" use_mmap: Optional[bool] = True """Whether to keep the model loaded in RAM""" rope_freq_scale: float = 1.0 """Scale factor for rope sampling.""" rope_freq_base: float = 10000.0 """Base frequency for rope sampling.""" model_kwargs: Dict[str, Any] = Field(default_factory=dict) """Any additional parameters to pass to llama_cpp.Llama.""" streaming: bool = True """Whether to stream the results, token by token.""" grammar_path: Optional[Union[str, Path]] = None """ grammar_path: Path to the .gbnf file that defines formal grammars for constraining model outputs. For instance, the grammar can be used to force the model to generate valid JSON or to speak exclusively in emojis. At most one of grammar_path and grammar should be passed in. """ grammar: Optional[Union[str, Any]] = None """ grammar: formal grammar for constraining model outputs. For instance, the grammar can be used to force the model to generate valid JSON or to speak exclusively in emojis. At most one of grammar_path and grammar should be passed in. """ verbose: bool = True """Print verbose output to stderr.""" @root_validator() def validate_environment(cls, values: Dict) -> Dict: """Validate that llama-cpp-python library is installed.""" try: from llama_cpp import Llama, LlamaGrammar except ImportError: raise ImportError( "Could not import llama-cpp-python library. " "Please install the llama-cpp-python library to " "use this embedding model: pip install llama-cpp-python" ) model_path = values["model_path"] model_param_names = [ "rope_freq_scale", "rope_freq_base", "lora_path", "lora_base", "n_ctx", "n_parts", "seed", "f16_kv", "logits_all", "vocab_only", "use_mlock", "n_threads", "n_batch", "use_mmap", "last_n_tokens_size", "verbose", ] model_params = {k: values[k] for k in model_param_names} # For backwards compatibility, only include if non-null. if values["n_gpu_layers"] is not None: model_params["n_gpu_layers"] = values["n_gpu_layers"] model_params.update(values["model_kwargs"]) try: values["client"] = Llama(model_path, **model_params) except Exception as e: raise ValueError( f"Could not load Llama model from path: {model_path}. " f"Received error {e}" ) if values["grammar"] and values["grammar_path"]: grammar = values["grammar"] grammar_path = values["grammar_path"] raise ValueError( "Can only pass in one of grammar and grammar_path. Received " f"{grammar=} and {grammar_path=}." ) elif isinstance(values["grammar"], str): values["grammar"] = LlamaGrammar.from_string(values["grammar"]) elif values["grammar_path"]: values["grammar"] = LlamaGrammar.from_file(values["grammar_path"]) else: pass return values @root_validator(pre=True) def build_model_kwargs(cls, values: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Build extra kwargs from additional params that were passed in.""" all_required_field_names = get_pydantic_field_names(cls) extra = values.get("model_kwargs", {}) values["model_kwargs"] = build_extra_kwargs( extra, values, all_required_field_names ) return values @property def _default_params(self) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Get the default parameters for calling llama_cpp.""" params = { "suffix": self.suffix, "max_tokens": self.max_tokens, "temperature": self.temperature, "top_p": self.top_p, "logprobs": self.logprobs, "echo": self.echo, "stop_sequences": self.stop, # key here is convention among LLM classes "repeat_penalty": self.repeat_penalty, "top_k": self.top_k, } if self.grammar: params["grammar"] = self.grammar return params @property def _identifying_params(self) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Get the identifying parameters.""" return {**{"model_path": self.model_path}, **self._default_params} @property def _llm_type(self) -> str: """Return type of llm.""" return "llamacpp" def _get_parameters(self, stop: Optional[List[str]] = None) -> Dict[str, Any]: """ Performs sanity check, preparing parameters in format needed by llama_cpp. Args: stop (Optional[List[str]]): List of stop sequences for llama_cpp. Returns: Dictionary containing the combined parameters. """ # Raise error if stop sequences are in both input and default params if self.stop and stop is not None: raise ValueError("`stop` found in both the input and default params.") params = self._default_params # llama_cpp expects the "stop" key not this, so we remove it: params.pop("stop_sequences") # then sets it as configured, or default to an empty list: params["stop"] = self.stop or stop or [] return params def _call( self, prompt: str, stop: Optional[List[str]] = None, run_manager: Optional[CallbackManagerForLLMRun] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> str: """Call the Llama model and return the output. Args: prompt: The prompt to use for generation. stop: A list of strings to stop generation when encountered. Returns: The generated text. Example: .. code-block:: python from langchain_community.llms import LlamaCpp llm = LlamaCpp(model_path="/path/to/local/llama/model.bin") llm.invoke("This is a prompt.") """ if self.streaming: # If streaming is enabled, we use the stream # method that yields as they are generated # and return the combined strings from the first choices's text: combined_text_output = "" for chunk in self._stream( prompt=prompt, stop=stop, run_manager=run_manager, **kwargs, ): combined_text_output += chunk.text return combined_text_output else: params = self._get_parameters(stop) params = {**params, **kwargs} result = self.client(prompt=prompt, **params) return result["choices"][0]["text"] def _stream( self, prompt: str, stop: Optional[List[str]] = None, run_manager: Optional[CallbackManagerForLLMRun] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> Iterator[GenerationChunk]: """Yields results objects as they are generated in real time. It also calls the callback manager's on_llm_new_token event with similar parameters to the OpenAI LLM class method of the same name. Args: prompt: The prompts to pass into the model. stop: Optional list of stop words to use when generating. Returns: A generator representing the stream of tokens being generated. Yields: A dictionary like objects containing a string token and metadata. See llama-cpp-python docs and below for more. Example: .. code-block:: python from langchain_community.llms import LlamaCpp llm = LlamaCpp( model_path="/path/to/local/model.bin", temperature = 0.5 ) for chunk in llm.stream("Ask 'Hi, how are you?' like a pirate:'", stop=["'","\n"]): result = chunk["choices"][0] print(result["text"], end='', flush=True) # noqa: T201 """ params = {**self._get_parameters(stop), **kwargs} result = self.client(prompt=prompt, stream=True, **params) for part in result: logprobs = part["choices"][0].get("logprobs", None) chunk = GenerationChunk( text=part["choices"][0]["text"], generation_info={"logprobs": logprobs}, ) if run_manager: run_manager.on_llm_new_token( token=chunk.text, verbose=self.verbose, log_probs=logprobs ) yield chunk
[docs] def get_num_tokens(self, text: str) -> int: tokenized_text = self.client.tokenize(text.encode("utf-8")) return len(tokenized_text)