Source code for langchain.chains.openai_functions.base

"""Methods for creating chains that use OpenAI function-calling APIs."""
from typing import (
    Any,
    Callable,
    Dict,
    Optional,
    Sequence,
    Type,
    Union,
)

from langchain_core._api import deprecated
from langchain_core.language_models import BaseLanguageModel
from langchain_core.output_parsers import (
    BaseLLMOutputParser,
)
from langchain_core.output_parsers.openai_functions import (
    PydanticAttrOutputFunctionsParser,
)
from langchain_core.prompts import BasePromptTemplate
from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import BaseModel
from langchain_core.utils.function_calling import (
    PYTHON_TO_JSON_TYPES,
    convert_to_openai_function,
)

from langchain.chains import LLMChain
from langchain.chains.structured_output.base import (
    create_openai_fn_runnable,
    create_structured_output_runnable,
    get_openai_output_parser,
)

__all__ = [
    "get_openai_output_parser",
    "create_openai_fn_runnable",
    "create_structured_output_runnable",  # deprecated
    "create_openai_fn_chain",  # deprecated
    "create_structured_output_chain",  # deprecated
    "PYTHON_TO_JSON_TYPES",  # backwards compatibility
    "convert_to_openai_function",  # backwards compatibility
]


[docs]@deprecated(since="0.1.1", removal="0.3.0", alternative="create_openai_fn_runnable") def create_openai_fn_chain( functions: Sequence[Union[Dict[str, Any], Type[BaseModel], Callable]], llm: BaseLanguageModel, prompt: BasePromptTemplate, *, enforce_single_function_usage: bool = True, output_key: str = "function", output_parser: Optional[BaseLLMOutputParser] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> LLMChain: # type: ignore[valid-type] """[Legacy] Create an LLM chain that uses OpenAI functions. Args: functions: A sequence of either dictionaries, pydantic.BaseModels classes, or Python functions. If dictionaries are passed in, they are assumed to already be a valid OpenAI functions. If only a single function is passed in, then it will be enforced that the model use that function. pydantic.BaseModels and Python functions should have docstrings describing what the function does. For best results, pydantic.BaseModels should have descriptions of the parameters and Python functions should have Google Python style args descriptions in the docstring. Additionally, Python functions should only use primitive types (str, int, float, bool) or pydantic.BaseModels for arguments. llm: Language model to use, assumed to support the OpenAI function-calling API. prompt: BasePromptTemplate to pass to the model. enforce_single_function_usage: only used if a single function is passed in. If True, then the model will be forced to use the given function. If False, then the model will be given the option to use the given function or not. output_key: The key to use when returning the output in LLMChain.__call__. output_parser: BaseLLMOutputParser to use for parsing model outputs. By default will be inferred from the function types. If pydantic.BaseModels are passed in, then the OutputParser will try to parse outputs using those. Otherwise model outputs will simply be parsed as JSON. If multiple functions are passed in and they are not pydantic.BaseModels, the chain output will include both the name of the function that was returned and the arguments to pass to the function. Returns: An LLMChain that will pass in the given functions to the model when run. Example: .. code-block:: python from typing import Optional from langchain.chains.openai_functions import create_openai_fn_chain from langchain_community.chat_models import ChatOpenAI from langchain_core.prompts import ChatPromptTemplate from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import BaseModel, Field class RecordPerson(BaseModel): \"\"\"Record some identifying information about a person.\"\"\" name: str = Field(..., description="The person's name") age: int = Field(..., description="The person's age") fav_food: Optional[str] = Field(None, description="The person's favorite food") class RecordDog(BaseModel): \"\"\"Record some identifying information about a dog.\"\"\" name: str = Field(..., description="The dog's name") color: str = Field(..., description="The dog's color") fav_food: Optional[str] = Field(None, description="The dog's favorite food") llm = ChatOpenAI(model="gpt-4", temperature=0) prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.from_messages( [ ("system", "You are a world class algorithm for recording entities."), ("human", "Make calls to the relevant function to record the entities in the following input: {input}"), ("human", "Tip: Make sure to answer in the correct format"), ] ) chain = create_openai_fn_chain([RecordPerson, RecordDog], llm, prompt) chain.run("Harry was a chubby brown beagle who loved chicken") # -> RecordDog(name="Harry", color="brown", fav_food="chicken") """ # noqa: E501 if not functions: raise ValueError("Need to pass in at least one function. Received zero.") openai_functions = [convert_to_openai_function(f) for f in functions] output_parser = output_parser or get_openai_output_parser(functions) llm_kwargs: Dict[str, Any] = { "functions": openai_functions, } if len(openai_functions) == 1 and enforce_single_function_usage: llm_kwargs["function_call"] = {"name": openai_functions[0]["name"]} llm_chain = LLMChain( # type: ignore[misc] llm=llm, prompt=prompt, output_parser=output_parser, llm_kwargs=llm_kwargs, output_key=output_key, **kwargs, ) return llm_chain
[docs]@deprecated( since="0.1.1", removal="0.3.0", alternative="ChatOpenAI.with_structured_output" ) def create_structured_output_chain( output_schema: Union[Dict[str, Any], Type[BaseModel]], llm: BaseLanguageModel, prompt: BasePromptTemplate, *, output_key: str = "function", output_parser: Optional[BaseLLMOutputParser] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> LLMChain: # type: ignore[valid-type] """[Legacy] Create an LLMChain that uses an OpenAI function to get a structured output. Args: output_schema: Either a dictionary or pydantic.BaseModel class. If a dictionary is passed in, it's assumed to already be a valid JsonSchema. For best results, pydantic.BaseModels should have docstrings describing what the schema represents and descriptions for the parameters. llm: Language model to use, assumed to support the OpenAI function-calling API. prompt: BasePromptTemplate to pass to the model. output_key: The key to use when returning the output in LLMChain.__call__. output_parser: BaseLLMOutputParser to use for parsing model outputs. By default will be inferred from the function types. If pydantic.BaseModels are passed in, then the OutputParser will try to parse outputs using those. Otherwise model outputs will simply be parsed as JSON. Returns: An LLMChain that will pass the given function to the model. Example: .. code-block:: python from typing import Optional from langchain.chains.openai_functions import create_structured_output_chain from langchain_community.chat_models import ChatOpenAI from langchain_core.prompts import ChatPromptTemplate from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import BaseModel, Field class Dog(BaseModel): \"\"\"Identifying information about a dog.\"\"\" name: str = Field(..., description="The dog's name") color: str = Field(..., description="The dog's color") fav_food: Optional[str] = Field(None, description="The dog's favorite food") llm = ChatOpenAI(model="gpt-3.5-turbo-0613", temperature=0) prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.from_messages( [ ("system", "You are a world class algorithm for extracting information in structured formats."), ("human", "Use the given format to extract information from the following input: {input}"), ("human", "Tip: Make sure to answer in the correct format"), ] ) chain = create_structured_output_chain(Dog, llm, prompt) chain.run("Harry was a chubby brown beagle who loved chicken") # -> Dog(name="Harry", color="brown", fav_food="chicken") """ # noqa: E501 if isinstance(output_schema, dict): function: Any = { "name": "output_formatter", "description": ( "Output formatter. Should always be used to format your response to the" " user." ), "parameters": output_schema, } else: class _OutputFormatter(BaseModel): """Output formatter. Should always be used to format your response to the user.""" # noqa: E501 output: output_schema # type: ignore function = _OutputFormatter output_parser = output_parser or PydanticAttrOutputFunctionsParser( pydantic_schema=_OutputFormatter, attr_name="output" ) return create_openai_fn_chain( [function], llm, prompt, output_key=output_key, output_parser=output_parser, **kwargs, )