Source code for langchain.chains.graph_qa.cypher

"""Question answering over a graph."""
from __future__ import annotations

import re
from typing import Any, Dict, List, Optional

from langchain_community.graphs.graph_store import GraphStore
from langchain_core.callbacks import CallbackManagerForChainRun
from langchain_core.language_models import BaseLanguageModel
from langchain_core.prompts import BasePromptTemplate
from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import Field

from langchain.chains.base import Chain
from langchain.chains.graph_qa.cypher_utils import CypherQueryCorrector, Schema
from langchain.chains.graph_qa.prompts import CYPHER_GENERATION_PROMPT, CYPHER_QA_PROMPT
from langchain.chains.llm import LLMChain

INTERMEDIATE_STEPS_KEY = "intermediate_steps"

[docs]def extract_cypher(text: str) -> str: """Extract Cypher code from a text. Args: text: Text to extract Cypher code from. Returns: Cypher code extracted from the text. """ # The pattern to find Cypher code enclosed in triple backticks pattern = r"```(.*?)```" # Find all matches in the input text matches = re.findall(pattern, text, re.DOTALL) return matches[0] if matches else text
[docs]def construct_schema( structured_schema: Dict[str, Any], include_types: List[str], exclude_types: List[str], ) -> str: """Filter the schema based on included or excluded types""" def filter_func(x: str) -> bool: return x in include_types if include_types else x not in exclude_types filtered_schema: Dict[str, Any] = { "node_props": { k: v for k, v in structured_schema.get("node_props", {}).items() if filter_func(k) }, "rel_props": { k: v for k, v in structured_schema.get("rel_props", {}).items() if filter_func(k) }, "relationships": [ r for r in structured_schema.get("relationships", []) if all(filter_func(r[t]) for t in ["start", "end", "type"]) ], } # Format node properties formatted_node_props = [] for label, properties in filtered_schema["node_props"].items(): props_str = ", ".join( [f"{prop['property']}: {prop['type']}" for prop in properties] ) formatted_node_props.append(f"{label} {{{props_str}}}") # Format relationship properties formatted_rel_props = [] for rel_type, properties in filtered_schema["rel_props"].items(): props_str = ", ".join( [f"{prop['property']}: {prop['type']}" for prop in properties] ) formatted_rel_props.append(f"{rel_type} {{{props_str}}}") # Format relationships formatted_rels = [ f"(:{el['start']})-[:{el['type']}]->(:{el['end']})" for el in filtered_schema["relationships"] ] return "\n".join( [ "Node properties are the following:", ",".join(formatted_node_props), "Relationship properties are the following:", ",".join(formatted_rel_props), "The relationships are the following:", ",".join(formatted_rels), ] )
[docs]class GraphCypherQAChain(Chain): """Chain for question-answering against a graph by generating Cypher statements. *Security note*: Make sure that the database connection uses credentials that are narrowly-scoped to only include necessary permissions. Failure to do so may result in data corruption or loss, since the calling code may attempt commands that would result in deletion, mutation of data if appropriately prompted or reading sensitive data if such data is present in the database. The best way to guard against such negative outcomes is to (as appropriate) limit the permissions granted to the credentials used with this tool. See for more information. """ graph: GraphStore = Field(exclude=True) cypher_generation_chain: LLMChain qa_chain: LLMChain graph_schema: str input_key: str = "query" #: :meta private: output_key: str = "result" #: :meta private: top_k: int = 10 """Number of results to return from the query""" return_intermediate_steps: bool = False """Whether or not to return the intermediate steps along with the final answer.""" return_direct: bool = False """Whether or not to return the result of querying the graph directly.""" cypher_query_corrector: Optional[CypherQueryCorrector] = None """Optional cypher validation tool""" @property def input_keys(self) -> List[str]: """Return the input keys. :meta private: """ return [self.input_key] @property def output_keys(self) -> List[str]: """Return the output keys. :meta private: """ _output_keys = [self.output_key] return _output_keys @property def _chain_type(self) -> str: return "graph_cypher_chain"
[docs] @classmethod def from_llm( cls, llm: Optional[BaseLanguageModel] = None, *, qa_prompt: Optional[BasePromptTemplate] = None, cypher_prompt: Optional[BasePromptTemplate] = None, cypher_llm: Optional[BaseLanguageModel] = None, qa_llm: Optional[BaseLanguageModel] = None, exclude_types: List[str] = [], include_types: List[str] = [], validate_cypher: bool = False, qa_llm_kwargs: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None, cypher_llm_kwargs: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None, **kwargs: Any, ) -> GraphCypherQAChain: """Initialize from LLM.""" if not cypher_llm and not llm: raise ValueError("Either `llm` or `cypher_llm` parameters must be provided") if not qa_llm and not llm: raise ValueError("Either `llm` or `qa_llm` parameters must be provided") if cypher_llm and qa_llm and llm: raise ValueError( "You can specify up to two of 'cypher_llm', 'qa_llm'" ", and 'llm', but not all three simultaneously." ) if cypher_prompt and cypher_llm_kwargs: raise ValueError( "Specifying cypher_prompt and cypher_llm_kwargs together is" " not allowed. Please pass prompt via cypher_llm_kwargs." ) if qa_prompt and qa_llm_kwargs: raise ValueError( "Specifying qa_prompt and qa_llm_kwargs together is" " not allowed. Please pass prompt via qa_llm_kwargs." ) use_qa_llm_kwargs = qa_llm_kwargs if qa_llm_kwargs is not None else {} use_cypher_llm_kwargs = ( cypher_llm_kwargs if cypher_llm_kwargs is not None else {} ) if "prompt" not in use_qa_llm_kwargs: use_qa_llm_kwargs["prompt"] = ( qa_prompt if qa_prompt is not None else CYPHER_QA_PROMPT ) if "prompt" not in use_cypher_llm_kwargs: use_cypher_llm_kwargs["prompt"] = ( cypher_prompt if cypher_prompt is not None else CYPHER_GENERATION_PROMPT ) qa_chain = LLMChain(llm=qa_llm or llm, **use_qa_llm_kwargs) # type: ignore[arg-type] cypher_generation_chain = LLMChain( llm=cypher_llm or llm, # type: ignore[arg-type] **use_cypher_llm_kwargs, # type: ignore[arg-type] ) if exclude_types and include_types: raise ValueError( "Either `exclude_types` or `include_types` " "can be provided, but not both" ) graph_schema = construct_schema( kwargs["graph"].get_structured_schema, include_types, exclude_types ) cypher_query_corrector = None if validate_cypher: corrector_schema = [ Schema(el["start"], el["type"], el["end"]) for el in kwargs["graph"].structured_schema.get("relationships") ] cypher_query_corrector = CypherQueryCorrector(corrector_schema) return cls( graph_schema=graph_schema, qa_chain=qa_chain, cypher_generation_chain=cypher_generation_chain, cypher_query_corrector=cypher_query_corrector, **kwargs, )
def _call( self, inputs: Dict[str, Any], run_manager: Optional[CallbackManagerForChainRun] = None, ) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Generate Cypher statement, use it to look up in db and answer question.""" _run_manager = run_manager or CallbackManagerForChainRun.get_noop_manager() callbacks = _run_manager.get_child() question = inputs[self.input_key] intermediate_steps: List = [] generated_cypher = {"question": question, "schema": self.graph_schema}, callbacks=callbacks ) # Extract Cypher code if it is wrapped in backticks generated_cypher = extract_cypher(generated_cypher) # Correct Cypher query if enabled if self.cypher_query_corrector: generated_cypher = self.cypher_query_corrector(generated_cypher) _run_manager.on_text("Generated Cypher:", end="\n", verbose=self.verbose) _run_manager.on_text( generated_cypher, color="green", end="\n", verbose=self.verbose ) intermediate_steps.append({"query": generated_cypher}) # Retrieve and limit the number of results # Generated Cypher be null if query corrector identifies invalid schema if generated_cypher: context = self.graph.query(generated_cypher)[: self.top_k] else: context = [] if self.return_direct: final_result = context else: _run_manager.on_text("Full Context:", end="\n", verbose=self.verbose) _run_manager.on_text( str(context), color="green", end="\n", verbose=self.verbose ) intermediate_steps.append({"context": context}) result = self.qa_chain( {"question": question, "context": context}, callbacks=callbacks, ) final_result = result[self.qa_chain.output_key] chain_result: Dict[str, Any] = {self.output_key: final_result} if self.return_intermediate_steps: chain_result[INTERMEDIATE_STEPS_KEY] = intermediate_steps return chain_result